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The Role of Think Tanks and Research Institutes for More National Ownership and Alignment of Evidence to Policy
UNDP Oslo Governance Centre
Source of the information:
Authors/Editors: Noha El-Mikawy
This OGC discussion paper, written is the outcome report of the conference organized by UNDP OGC with support from IDRC Canada entitled: Evidence on Governance into Policy: The Role of Research Institutes and Think Tanks, January 18 and 19 2009. The conference was organized as a side-event of the Information and Decision Support Center IDSC International Conference on "The role of think tanks in developing countries" in Cairo. The paper reports on the discussion that was informed by a series of six case studies that looked at Nepal, Peru, Serbia, China, Sudan and finally the APRM in Africa.
The term "think tank‟ is used to describe a wide range of research organisations which undertake public policy research and analysis and intend to influence policy dialogues and advocate policy solutions. Some are strictly non-partisan, researching policy issues without regard to partisan political outcomes, while others see one of their main functions as providing intellectual support to political parties and legislators. For most of the twentieth century, think tanks were primarily found in the United States; with a much smaller number in Canada, Australasia and Western Europe. However, there has been a proliferation of think tanks across the globe (since the 1970s). According to McGann, there are over 5000 think tanks worldwide (2007).